Back in Jan-2015, Gov. Stephen Poloz outlined the bank’s rationale for a rate cut and explained that the bank had relied on a framework in which their base case expectation for crude oil prices was that it would remain around $60 for the next two years, i.e. 2015-2017, and considering this base case that it was prudent to provide some support to the economy in the form of a rate cut to compensate for lower future oil revenues. As we all know, the reality for crude oil turned out to be quite different.
At the most recent monetary policy meeting, the BOC hiked its policy interest rate by 25 bp; what makes it strange is that the year-over-year rate of growth of Canadian core CPI is the lowest it has been going as far back as the 80s!
Crude oil’s price stabilization since early 2016 has led to a substantial unwinding of the CAD shorts, which has further fuelled strong rallies in all CAD pairs. In our view, this CAD rally is about to lose its steam; we have initiated short positions in CAD against the USD, the EUR, and the GBP. The main risk to our trades is that crude oil prices firm from here. While we think the chances of this are low, we will closely watch the crude oil market for signs of strength and continue to evolve our thinking should it be necessary.
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